Colossus of Rhodes
-The Colossus was an enormous bronze sculpture of the sun god Helios built by the Rhodians over a period of 12 years in the third century B.C.
-The island of Rhodes was the target of a Macedonian attack early in the fourth century B.C. and, according to legend, the Rhodians sold the tools and equipment left behind by the Macedonians to pay for the Colossus.
-Designed by the sculptor Chares, the statue was, at 100 feet, the tallest of the ancient world.
-It was completed around 280 B.C. and stood for sixty years until it was toppled in an earthquake. It was never rebuilt.
-Hundreds of years later, Arabs invaded Rhodes and sold the remains of the statue as scrap metal. Because of this, archeologists do not know much about the exact location of the statue on the island or what it looked like. Most believe that it depicted the sun god standing naked while he lifted a torch with one hand and held a spear in the other.
-It was once believed that the statue stood with one leg on each side of a harbor, but most scholars now agree that the statue’s legs were most likely built close together to support its immense weight.